How to Secure Password: 5 Tips from Cyber Security Expert

Secure Password

TL; DR

  • Password security is essential for protecting your personal information from hackers.
  • Verizon’s report, 81% of data breaches are caused by stolen or weak passwords.
  • Five password security tips from cybersecurity expert to secure password: Use a strong password, Avoid reusing passwords, Enable two-factor authentication, Keep your passwords safe, Change your passwords regularly

Protecting our personal and sensitive information is of utmost importance, and passwords play a critical role in achieving that. Unfortunately, weak passwords remain a top reason for data breaches and cyberattacks for this reasons alone there are 1.000.000 password being stolen every month and s per Verizon’s report, 81% of data breaches are caused by stolen or weak passwords. Hence, it is crucial to recognize the significance of password security and adopt best practices when creating and managing passwords.

In this blog post, we will share five essential tips for securing your passwords and keeping your accounts safe. These tips will significantly reduce the risk of your passwords being compromised, ensuring the security of your online presence. Let’s explore these tips and learn how to protect our digital identity effectively.

Use a Strong Password

Characteristics of a strong password

Using a strong password is one of the most critical steps you can take to secure your accounts. A strong password should be at least 12 characters long and contain a mix of uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and symbols. It should not include easily guessable information like your name, date of birth, or common words. To create a strong password, try using a passphrase or a combination of unrelated words. For example, “correct horse battery staple” is a passphrase that is easy to remember but hard to guess. You can also use password generators to create a random and complex password.

Examples of weak passwords to avoid

According to a report by SplashData, the most commonly used password is still “123456,” followed closely by “password.” These passwords are easy to guess, leaving your accounts vulnerable to cyberattacks. In fact, 4 out of 5 data breaches are caused by weak or stolen passwords, as stated in the Verizon Data Breach Investigations Report. 

Importance of unique passwords for each account

It’s also important to use unique passwords for each account. Reusing passwords across different accounts is risky, as a data breach in one service could lead to all your accounts being compromised. A study by LastPass found that the average person has 191 passwords, making it challenging to remember unique passwords for each account. In the next section, we will discuss a solution to this problem: using a password manager.

Use a Password Manager

Definition of a password manager

A password manager is a tool that securely stores and manages your passwords. It helps you generate strong, unique passwords for each of your accounts and eliminates the need to remember them all. Password managers can also fill in your login credentials automatically, making it easy to log in to your accounts.

Benefits of using a password manager

Using a password manager has several benefits:

  • Generates Strong, Unique Passwords

    A password manager generates strong, unique passwords for each account, reducing the risk of using weak or easily guessable passwords.
  • Stores and Manages All Your Passwords in One Secure Location

    A password manager stores and manages all your passwords in one secure location, making it easier to manage your passwords and reducing the risk of forgetting or losing them.
  • Saves Time by Automatically Filling in Your Login Credentials

    A password manager saves time by automatically filling in your login credentials, eliminating the need to type in your username and password every time you log in.
  • Provides Additional Security Features

    Many password managers provide additional security features, such as two-factor authentication and password auditing, adding an extra layer of security to your accounts.
  • Reduces the Risk of Data Breaches and Identity Theft

    Using a password manager reduces the risk of data breaches and identity theft by keeping your passwords secure and encrypted, protecting your sensitive information from cybercriminals.

Examples of popular password managers

Here are five password managers that the expert recommend for keeping your passwords safe:

  • LastPass
    Provides a user-friendly interface and strong security features, such as two-factor authentication and password auditing.
  • Google Password Manager
    Google Password Manager makes it simple to use a strong, unique password for all your online accounts.When you use Google Password Manager, passwords are saved in your Google Account. You can use Google Password Manager to: Create and save strong, unique passwords that you don’t have to remember. Protect all your saved passwords with built-in security. Automatically fill in passwords from your Google Account.
  • Dashlane
    Offers a user-friendly interface, the ability to share passwords securely with others, and built-in VPN protection.
  • 1Password
    Provides a comprehensive suite of features, including password generation, secure sharing, and two-factor authentication.
  • KeePass
    Offers strong encryption and the ability to store passwords offline, making it a good option for those who prioritize security and privacy.

Enable Two-Factor Authentication

Definition of two-factor authentication

Two-factor authentication (2FA) is a security measure that adds an extra layer of protection to your accounts by requiring two forms of identification to log in. This can include a password and a one-time code sent to your phone or email, or biometric identification such as a fingerprint or facial recognition. Statistics show that companies that use 2FA experience 60% fewer successful attacks than those that don’t. In addition, 2FA can reduce the risk of account takeover by up to 98.3%. By enabling 2FA, you can significantly increase the security of your online accounts and protect yourself from cyber threats.

Types of two-factor authentication

Two-factor authentication (2FA) can take different forms, each with its own benefits and drawbacks. Here are three common types of 2FA:

  • SMS-based

    In this form of 2FA, a one-time code is sent via SMS to your phone number. While this is convenient, it has been shown to be vulnerable to SIM swapping attacks, where a hacker takes over your phone number. A study found that SMS-based 2FA reduced the risk of account takeover by 80%.
  • Authenticator apps

    These apps generate one-time codes that you enter during login. They are more secure than SMS-based 2FA, as they are not susceptible to SIM swapping attacks. Google Authenticator, Authy, and Microsoft Authenticator are popular authenticator apps.
  • Hardware keys

    These physical devices generate one-time codes when inserted into a computer or tapped on a mobile device. They are considered the most secure form of 2FA, as they are not vulnerable to phishing attacks or malware. Examples of hardware keys include YubiKey and Google Titan. Based on a study, using a hardware key reduced the risk by 90%.

Benefits of using two-factor authentication

The following are some of the advantages of using two-factor authentication (2FA):

  • Increased security

    2FA adds an extra layer of protection to your accounts, making it more difficult for attackers to gain access to your sensitive information.
  • Protection against phishing attacks

    2FA can prevent attackers from stealing your credentials through phishing emails, as they would also need access to your second factor (e.g., your phone or hardware key).
  • Compliance with regulations

    Many industries and organizations require the use of 2FA to comply with regulations and protect sensitive data.

Change Your Passwords Regularly

The Importance of Changing Your Passwords Regularly

Cybersecurity experts recommend changing your passwords regularly as a way to reduce the risk of your accounts being compromised. This is because passwords can be easily stolen or leaked, and cybercriminals can use them to gain access to your sensitive information.

How Often Should You Change Your Passwords?

The frequency at which you should change your passwords varies depending on the account and the level of sensitivity of the information it holds. For high-risk accounts such as online banking and email, it is recommended to change your passwords every three months. For lower-risk accounts such as social media, changing your password every six months to a year is sufficient.

Best Practices for Creating Strong Passwords

When changing your passwords, it’s important to create strong, unique passwords that are difficult to guess or crack. Here are some best practices to follow when creating passwords:

  • Use a mix of uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and symbols
  • Avoid using personal information such as your name, birthdate, or address
  • Use a different password for each account
  • Consider using a password manager to generate and store your passwords securely

As we mentioned earlier, statistics show that 81% of data breaches are due to weak or reused passwords. Therefore, by changing your passwords regularly and following best practices for creating strong passwords, you can significantly reduce the risk of your accounts being compromised.

Be Wary of Phishing Scams

The Danger of Phishing Scams

Phishing scams are a common method used by cybercriminals to steal sensitive information such as login credentials, credit card numbers, and personal data. These scams typically involve sending fraudulent emails or messages that appear to be from a legitimate source, and tricking users into clicking on a malicious link or providing their personal information.

How to Identify Phishing Scams

There are several signs that can help you identify a phishing scam, including:

  • The sender’s email address or domain looks suspicious or is misspelled
  • The message contains urgent language or a sense of pressure to act quickly
  • The message asks for personal information such as your login credentials, credit card numbers, or social security number
  • The message contains a suspicious link or attachment

Best Practices for Avoiding Phishing Scams

To avoid falling victim to phishing scams, it’s important to follow these best practices:

  • Be cautious when opening emails or messages from unknown senders
  • Verify the sender’s identity before clicking on any links or providing personal information
  • Use security software that includes anti-phishing protection
  • Enable two-factor authentication for your accounts to prevent unauthorized access
  • Educate yourself on the latest phishing techniques and stay informed about potential threats

Statistics show that phishing scams account for 90% of data breaches, and the average cost of a successful phishing attack is $4.6 million. By being aware of the dangers of phishing scams and following best practices for avoiding them, you can protect yourself and your sensitive information from cybercriminals.

Conclusion

In conclusion, securing your passwords is crucial to safeguarding your personal information and digital identity from cybercriminals. By following the five tips outlined in this blog post, you can significantly reduce your risk of falling victim to password-related attacks.

Remember! to use a password manager, enable two-factor authentication, change your passwords regularly, and be vigilant against phishing scams. By taking these simple steps, you can enjoy a safer and more secure online experience. Stay informed about the latest cyber threats and always prioritize the protection of your online accounts and personal data.

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